Trenching and Excavation Safety
Keep The Trench (and OSHA) Off Your Back
FOR THE SAFETY OF THOSE IN THE TRENCHES
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has some pretty high standards when it comes to trenching, and for pretty good reason. The earth is unforgiving and can be unpredictable, and cave-ins are preventable. There is no reason a construction worker, plumber, or utility workers should go to work and wonder if they will make it home. Thanks to reliable shoring equipment and trenching and excavation safety standards, the risk of collapse and injury is dramatically reduced. At North East Shoring Corp., Inc., we take safety seriously. We sell and rent shoring equipment, including trench boxes, road plates, cranes, manholes, stone boxes, and panel boxes to make your work site as safe as possible.
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FOR THE SAFETY OF THOSE IN THE TRENCHES
OSHA Trenching and Excavation Requirements
OSHA requires protective systems to be in place for any trench that is deeper than five feet, unless the excavation occurs in stable rock. Although the standards require intervention for holes deeper than five feet, there is nothing saying you can’t be proactive with trenches that are more shallow than that. Protective systems that meet OSHA standards include sloping, shoring, and shielding.
Standards require that there is a safe means of egress, which can come in the form of a ladder, steps, and/or ramps that provide a way out of the trench in an emergency. The built-in shelving in most of our trench boxes offers just that. When combined with additional egress methods, your team can feel confident that they won’t be trapped.
OSHA trenching and excavating regulations also require daily inspections and a designated “competent person” to lead the operation from an OSHA standpoint — essentially acting as an OSHA representative on site. This helps ensure that safety regulations are followed and the site remains as safe as possible for your crew.
What Makes Shoring or Shielding The Better Option
There are several options when it comes to protecting workers in a trench, including shoring, shielding, sloping, and benching. Sloping is the process of removing materials from around the trench to create a safe slope to create a natural trench. With sloping, there is still potential for an avalanche, but the likelihood of full collapse or cave-in is significantly reduced from the perpendicular angle of typical excavation. Down-sides to sloping is the significant amount of real estate that must be disturbed, making it nearly impossible in some job sites. Shielding does not prevent trench collapse, but does protect workers in the trench should a collapse or earth movement occur. Common methods of shielding include trench boxes and manhole boxes, where these earth “cages” are inserted into a trench to provide protection for workers. Shielding is the most common and most cost-effective method to protect workers. Shoring is the process of bracing trench walls and using opposing force to prevent trench collapse.
With the use of shielding or shoring equipment, the men and women in the trenches are protected even when the earth shifts or equipment falls into the trench.
Why We Take The Time to Shield and Shore
“An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”
Safety requirements and regulations, unfortunately, were not borne of pre-thought and foresight, rather lessons learned and clear visioned hindsight. If you’ve ever thought a regulation was too strict or seemed a little unnecessary, the tragedies that led to its inception were not.
Even with OSHA regulations and job site safety requirements in place, a simple internet search for “trench collapse” yields thousands of results of tragic endings. A prime example is of two pipelayers who were installing sewer pipes in Colorado in a trench that was 31-feet long, 6-feet wide, and 14-feet long. They were buried alive when the unsupported trench collapsed. Their crew attempted to dig them out but were only able to get a pipe down to one of the men, allowing him to survive a few hours, breathing and communicating through the pipe as he laid buried below. Rescue crews attempted to use shoring equipment to stabilize the trench that had standing water, a condition known to weaken trench walls. Attempts to save the men were unsuccessful. Had any sort of bracing elements been used, those two pipe-layers may be at home with their families.
Each year, nationwide, approximately 25 trench workers die in the trenches, and nearly 75% of those deaths are caused by cave-ins or collapsing sidewalls. In 2003, there were 53 trench collapse fatalities, which was enough to spark huge change in the shoring industry. Changes that make the workplace safer for the men and women in the trenches. For the most part, these deaths are preventable. In fact, of those 53 fatalities, 64% of the sites had no protective equipment in place, 12% had the protective equipment available, but it was not being used, and 24% of the sites had protective equipment improperly installed. That’s right, 100% of those fatalities could have been prevented with properly installed shoring or shielding equipment.
At North East Shoring, we believe that a single death of a trench worker is one too many. We are committed to protecting the lives of all excavators and construction workers. We are dedicated to selling and renting shoring equipment that keeps the trench and OSHA off your back
- Box walls: the walls of the trench box are what keeps the earth from collapsing. Sometimes, these walls can begin to bow under the pressure. Careful inspection must be completed to prevent reusing trench shields whose walls are compromised. Walls are inspected for punctures, dents, warping, and waffling. If repairs cannot be made, the shield will be retired and recycled.
- End beams: are inspected for bending. Bending is caused by overstress and can cause collapse if used again.
- Spreader receivers: are inspected for corrosion and stress cracks. These elements take a great attention to detail and if not inspected carefully, can lead to the shield rotating inward.
- Spreaders: are inspected for stress cracking and roundness. A compromised spreader can cause buckling and collapse of the entire structure.
- Pins and headers: are inspected for correct diameter, steel rating, and shape integrity. If they are not the correct size, steel rating, or they are bent or misshapen, they will be replaced.
- Top beams: are inspected for crushing and stress cracks as a result of pounding.
Our welders are certified to perform the necessary repairs, and all of our equipment has our name boldly printed on it. We would never rent or sell any equipment we would not use ourselves. When you rent or buy shoring equipment from North East Shoring Corp., Inc., you can rest assured it is in optimal working condition and will keep the trenches (and OSHA) off your back.
Other Excavation Safety Hazards
While we spend a lot of time discussing cave-ins and preventing trench collapse, excavation is a dangerous job. When a trench exists, there are plenty of hazards that pose risks to workers and other people. Some other things to consider at an excavation site include:
- Slips, trips, and falls
- Lack of protective equipment, including hard hats, eye protection, and steel-toed boots
- Heavy equipment faults or accidents
- Falling materials
- Exposure to materials in the trench — electricity, water, sewage, etc.
- The collapse of adjacent structures
- Bystanders falling into trench
- Damage to egress equipment
Being proactive to protect workers and the worksite is paramount to mitigating risk. This may include quarantining the area and performing routine safety checks. As long as there is a trench, trench safety should be considered for all people in the area. And, remember, no unsupported trench should ever be entered, not even to grab something that fell into it real quick.
By enlarge, most of these hazards can be mitigated or completely prevented with the shelter of a well-laid trench box or shoring equipment.
Factors That Contribute to Trench Collapse (And, Easy Ways to Prevent It)
In nearly every trench collapse incident, there is an element of surprise that catches us off guard. When the earth is disturbed, even by the most skilled excavation team, there is reason to doubt its stability. Couple that with equipment and people moving about the area, and it is a recipe for certain disaster. That is why we believe every trench should be reinforced every time, no matter how small or quick the job is. There is no price on safety.
What contributes to a trench collapse? First, you have to consider the weight of the earth — a cubic yard of dry dirt can weigh between 2,000 and 2,700 pounds, and move in a matter of seconds. Factors that contribute to trench collapse include:
- The moisture content of the soil
- The type of soil/dirt/earth
- Adverse weather
- The length of time a trench is open
- Vibration — machinery, nearby trains, seismic activity, etc.
- Depth of the trench
- Previous soil disturbances/ excavations
- Adjacent structures
- Weight or movement near the trench
- Failure to use shoring equipment
For every trench, every time, make use of shoring equipment or trench boxes! At North East Shoring, we carry top names like Atlas and Kundel in every size to meet all of your safety needs. Contact us for a custom quote today.
Trenching Safety Tips
There is a certain inherent risk in the line of excavation and trenching, but none that should result in loss of life. Accidents happen, but implementing safety measures can reduce the chances of injury or fatality. In addition to OSHA’s excavation and trenching safety requirements discussed above, some general trench safety tips include:
- Always brace trenches that are more than five feet deep
- Keep heavy equipment away from the edge of trenches
- Avoid walking or standing near the trench edge
- Know where underground utilities are located
- Test for oxygen, hazardous fumes, and toxic gases
- Do not work beneath raised loads
- Inspect trenches and safety equipment daily
- Inspect trenches after every rainstorm (even if that means more than once daily)
- Wear personal protective equipment
- Keep egress equipment — ladder, stairs, etc. — near at all times
- Never enter a trench without someone knowing
- Don’t make adjustments to shoring equipment from inside the trench
- Know the soil you’re trenching in
- Never enter an unprotected trench!
Never challenge the trench, always respect it, and remember, it does not respect you. Trust North East Shoring Corp., Inc. for all of your excavation safety equipment. For purchase or rent, we’ve got all the trench boxes and shoring equipment you need to get the job done safely.
Why You Should Choose North East Shoring For Your Trenching and Excavation Safety Equipment
At North East Shoring, we believe that every life has value and no pipelayer, plumber, or construction worker should go to work fearing for their life. We follow OSHA regulations so that your job site can too —not because we want you to avoid the fines, but because we want all of your employees to make it home safely. When you partner with North East Shoring, you don’t just get quality steel trench boxes, you get a team of professionals that will help you ensure job site safety anywhere in New England. But, why partner with us?
- We carry the industry’s leading safety equipment including Kundel and Atlas. All equipment is inspected and serviced on-site before being added back to our inventory.
- We make it easy to make your job site safe. Can’t buy? No problem, rent your equipment and we will deliver it to you, anywhere in New England, on time, and we’ll assemble it and pick it up.
- We carry everything you need to make the site safe — shoring equipment, trench boxes, crane systems, and road plates.
- We carry equipment in every size for every job need.
There really is no excuse for an unsafe trench. Call us to get the support your trench needs to keep the trench and OSHA off your back.
At North East Shoring Corp., Inc., we’re focused on keeping the trench and OSHA off your back.
You’re in the middle of a job, and it’s tough to keep everyone safe. A construction site requires everyone to be on high alert all the time. So, you’re stressed and trying to keep people working while also following safety guidelines to the best of your ability. After decades of excavation and trench shoring experience, North East Shoring Corp., Inc. knows what you’re going through. Just know you’re not alone in finding the absolute best trench boxes for your operation.
Imagine calling a trench box company and renting what you need in a single phone call. Think about how easy it would be to plan the rest of your job if you could guarantee when your trench boxes would be on-site. Just picture how quickly and efficiently your crews could work with the proper boxes and equipment. You can stop dreaming and buy or rent trench boxes from North East Shoring Corp., Inc. right now. It’s only a phone call away.